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和谐宇宙

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裴熙亮  

2009-05-17 08:41:09|  分类: 政要及风云人物 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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裴熙亮,是美国华尔街著名投资银行摩根斯坦利公司的前首席执行官。 1964年,毕业于圣母大学,进入芝加哥大学,后以交换学生的方式,转到伦敦经济学院学习并获得科学硕士学位。一年后回到芝加哥大学,获得了工商管理硕士学位。后进入麦肯锡咨询公司McKinsey & Company)。32岁时,成为常务董事。1978年跳槽到了西尔斯,任战略规划部副经理。1981年,西尔斯收购添惠。1993年添惠公司从西尔斯独立出来,他又参与摩根士丹利与添惠的合并。

裴熙亮 - 1168dht - 和谐世界

  听着乡村音乐,吹着口哨,摩根士丹利(下称“大摩”)前CEO裴熙亮快速地将奔驰牌吉普车开下高速公路,驶向他在盐湖城的家,那里有他的家人和朋友,让经历华尔街风雨的他有一个绝佳的避风港。在结束了38年职业生涯后,身着休闲T恤的裴熙亮显得很轻松:“这是我的新生活。”

  无奈的安逸

  揣着4400万美元遣散费,与儿子打打高尔夫球,和妻子安妮开车去全国旅行,退休后的生活虽说惬意,但对于裴熙亮来说,似乎还不是他想要的理想生活,因为缺少了冒险与风浪。

  也许是有预感,现年61岁的裴熙亮曾告诉过亲信,自己准备随时离开,离开的日子应该不晚于他的65岁生日。想象一下,如果2001年现任CEO麦晋衍逼宫时,裴熙亮选择主动离开,也许他会有一个像篮球巨星乔丹那样英雄式的告别。要知道当时大摩正值顶峰,股票市值每股超过80美元。

  裴熙亮1967年毕业于芝加哥大学商学院。作为优等生毕业的他曾考虑过回盐湖城老家,帮父亲打理家族生意。不过他很快得到华尔街顶尖公司的青睐,其中包括麦肯锡。对当年投身华尔街的决定,裴熙亮解释说:“为父亲工作将带给我更轻松的生活,父亲对我当时的决定很失望,不过我觉得还是应该去大地方闯闯。”

  裴熙亮的职业生涯从麦肯锡开始,在先后服务于麦肯锡和Sears之后,1986年他的个人职业生涯在添惠公司达到顶峰。添惠与大摩合并后,他成了华尔街最著名投资公司的最高领导人。时至今日,他依然认为自己是这个职位的不二人选:“我们所做的一切,对股东、客户、员工都是最有利的。”

  性格孤傲

  今年3月,大摩多名高官联名弹劾裴熙亮,无奈之下,裴熙亮宣布基于公司最大利益,自动请辞。在华尔街历史上,一个大公司领导人受到此等待遇,简直就是一种羞辱,说空前绝后也许不算夸张。不过倒裴人士认为,之所以有这样的结果,是裴熙亮咎由自取。理由是,自1997年原添惠公司和大摩合并后,裴熙亮在促进两公司融合方面毫无建树。

  不少人还抱怨说,裴熙亮本人孤傲的性格也使他在公司里不得人心。此外,公司里他在人员提拔上有争议的策略和公司近年来在股市的糟糕表现也成为董事会不少人要求其下台的理由。

  对于种种负面评论,裴熙亮本人则认为,只要公司运作良好,其他一切应该不成问题。他指出,1993年以后大摩的股票上涨了690%,高于标普指数,比包括摩根大通、美林同期内的表现都要强劲。

  不得人心

  1997年添惠和摩根士丹利合并时,两家公司不同派系的紧张关系事实上从未停息过。裴熙亮认为自己已经和麦晋衍尽力调和,并取得了一些成绩。但公司中仍有不少人认为,他的努力显然收效甚微。有评论说,裴熙亮对一些高层的纵容也导致了人心向背。

  2000年之前,大摩零售部领导人詹姆斯·希金斯与裴熙亮私交甚密。而此后大摩首席市场官菲利普·拉斯金、联席总裁克劳福德等皆是裴熙亮的亲信,但公司内外其他人并不肯定上述人的能力。反对者认为,裴熙亮这种任人唯亲的做法打破了大摩一贯的风格。Philip J. Purcell (b.1943) was Chairman and CEO of Morgan Stanley from 1997-2005. He previously served as Chairman and CEO of Dean Witter, Discover & Co., from 1986 to 1997. After leaving Morgan Stanley, Purcell formed Continental Investors, LLC, a private equity firm.

Early Background/Education - Phil Purcell was born and raised in Salt Lake City, Utah, where he graduated from Judge Memorial, a small Catholic parochial school whose students were mainly from modest backgrounds. Though from a moderately well-to-do family himself, Purcell worked during the school year selling magazine subscriptions and pressing clothes at a dry cleaner, and during summers on road construction and at the national parks in southern Utah. He was a star center on the basketball team and starting tackle on the state championship football team. Two years ago, Purcell and his brother Paul donated $2 million to build a new gym at Judge Memorial, which is named after Purcell’s former teammate and long-time Judge Memorial basketball coach, Jim Yerkovich.

Following high school, Purcell won a scholarship to the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachusetts. He transferred to the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana, after his freshman year. He won fellowships, first to the University of Chicago Business School, and then to the London School of Economics. In October 2006, Purcell contributed $12.5 million for the construction of a new basketball pavilion at Notre Dame.

McKinsey, Sears and Dean Witter - Purcell began his business career in 1967 at McKinsey and Company, the international management consulting firm. He traveled extensively, working closely with clients throughout the United States, Europe and Asia. When he left McKinsey to join Sears in 1978, he was Managing Director of the Chicago office – the youngest head of a major office in the firm’s history.

At Sears, Purcell became Senior Vice President for Corporate Administration and Planning, reporting directly to the CEO. In addition to long-range planning, his duties included exploring acquisitions and divestitures for the company. He played a leading role in Sears’ acquisition of Dean Witter Reynolds on December 31, 1981, and became President in 1982 and Chairman and CEO in 1986. In 1993, Purcell led the spin-off from Sears and initial public offering of Dean Witter Discover.

The promised synergies between Sears' retail franchise and Dean Witter largely failed to materialize despite significant investment by Sears. At Dean Witter, however, Purcell saw the potential of the asset management business well ahead of other firms. The approximately $11 billion in money and mutual fund assets at Dean Witter in 1982 grew to more than $100 billion by 1997 and to about $400 billion by 2004. Leveraging off Sears' store card operation, Sears started a new credit card Discover Card in 1986. The unit was placed within Dean Witter and although initially loss making by 2006 it had grown to more than 50 million accounts and $1.5 billion in pre-tax income.

Morgan Stanley - The success of Dean Witter's mutual fund and Discover Card businesses during the early 1990's put Purcell in the position to engineer the acquisition of Morgan Stanley by Dean Witter. To leverage the greater brand strength of Morgan Stanley, the firm was initially called Morgan Stanley, Dean Witter, Discover, eventually becoming Morgan Stanley. Despite some initial skepticism from the investment community, during the time Purcell headed Morgan Stanley, the firm performed well both in terms of share price performance and league table rankings becoming a global leader in equity trading and underwriting and investment banking.

Purcell was at the helm of Morgan Stanley on September 11, 2001, when the terrorist hijacked planes hit the twin towers of the World Trade Center. More than 3,500 Morgan Stanley employees worked in the World Trade Center. Based on the firm’s experience in the earlier 1993 WTC bombing, contingency plans were in place long before 9/11. As a result, there was a rapid evacuation and organized follow-up on 9/11 that helped mitigate the terrible tragedy.

Purcell was forced to resign as CEO of Morgan Stanley in June 2005 when a highly public campaign against him by former Morgan Stanley partners (the Group of Eight) threatened to disrupt and damage the firm.

Outside Activities - Purcell has been actively involved in a number of philanthropic endeavors. They include parochial school education, multiple sclerosis research, multiple melanoma research, children’s health care and others. In addition to his support for Judge Memorial in Salt Lake City, Purcell’s involvement with Mt. Carmel, a parochial school in Harlem, has enabled a vital inner-city educational facility to stay open and continue serving the community. Purcell has served as a trustee of the University of Notre Dame since 1991, and has been a major contributor to the University. He and his wife Anne have made gifts to the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business to establish the Distinguished Fellows Program, which provides full scholarship support for the school’s top students.

Phil Purcell has been a leader in the financial services industry for many years. He has served on the Executive Board and as Vice-Chairman of the New York Stock Exchange. He was one of the founding members of the Financial Services Forum and served as chairman during its first three years.

Continental Investors - Purcell is currently the head of Continental Investors LLC, a private equity firm that invests in financial services firms or in consumer businesses where the Internet is important.

 

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